MLT 204 - Fundamental Phlebotomy
Training and experience in the practice of phlebotomy, teaching students to recognize and use blood collection equipment, practice standard precautions, and perform procedures of routine venipuncture and skin puncture.
Prerequisite: BIO 131 Human Biology I, BIO 101 Introduction to Anatomy and Physiology, and approval of the CLT advisor
1 Class Hours
Learning Outcomes of the Course:
Upon successful completion of this course the student will be able to:
1. Describe safety measures that should be followed at all times by a phlebotomist when collecting a patient's specimen.
2. Identify the veins of the arm on which phlebotomy is performed.
3. Differentiate between serum and plasma.
4. Identify the most common additives used in blood collection, and explain their reasons for use.
5. Identify the evacuated tube color associated with the most commonly used additives.
6. List and select the types of equipment needed to collect blood by routine venipuncture and capillary puncture.
7. Identify special precautions necessary during blood collections by venipuncture and capillary puncture.
8. List the supplies that should be carried on a phlebotomist's tray.
9. Identify routine sites for venipuncture and capillary puncture.
10. Differentiate between sterile and antiseptic techniques.
11. Describe and demonstrate the steps in the preparation of a puncture site.
12. List the effects of tourniquet, hand squeezing, and heating pads on capillary puncture and venipuncture.
13. Recognize proper needle insertion and withdrawal techniques including direction, angle, depth, and aspiration.
14. Describe the correct procedure for capillary collection methods on infants and adults.
15. Name and explain frequent causes of phlebotomy complications.
16. Describe signs and symptoms of physical problems that may occur during blood collection.
17. List the steps necessary to perform a venipuncture and/or capillary puncture on chronological order.
18. Describe the proper manner for greeting and interacting with a patient.
19. Explain the major points in interviewing a patient or a patient's representative in preparation for obtaining specimens.
20. Perform a competent/effective venipuncture on a mannequin and on a patient.
21. Perform a competent/effective capillary puncture on a mannequin and on a patient.
22. Describe instructions to be given to patients in preparation for routine venipuncture or capillary puncture.
23. Describe and discuss techniques for dealing with family and visitors during the blood specimen collection.
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